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Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine

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Location Category ID: 23850
Added to Database: 10 May 2010
Last Edited: 10 May 2010
Address: 126 Plekhanovs’ka str., 61001 Kharkov
Telephone: +38 (057) 759-09-59 (Marketing)
Email: marketing [at] malyshev.kharkov.ua (Replace [at] with @)
Opening Times:
Official Website: Malyshev Plant
History
Other Links: Wikipedia
Latitude, Longitude: 49.97478911 , 36.28437638
Location Accuracy: 7
Tanks Previously Here: Models of tank built here:
1: BT-2 Tank (Design parent and sole manufacturer 1931-3)
2: BT-5 Tank (Design parent and sole manufacturer 1933-5)
3: BT-7 Tank - Model 1935 (Design parent and sole manufacturer 1935-7)
4: BT-7 Tank - Model 1937 (Design parent and sole manufacturer 1937-8)
5: T-34 Tank - Model 1940/41 (Primary manufacturer September 1940-October 1941)
6: T-44 Tank (Sole manufacturer 1944-7)
7: T-44M Tank (Sole manufacturer of base vehicle 1944-7)
8: T-54 Tank - Model 1951 (Secondary manufacturer)
9: T-54A Tank (Secondary manufacturer)
10: T-54A(M) Tank (Secondary manufacturer)
11: T-54B Tank (Secondary manufacturer)
12: T-54M Tank (Secondary manufacturer)
13: Obiekt 483 Flame-Throwing Tank (Design parent and sole manufacturer)
14: T-55 Tank (Primary manufacturer 1958-)
15: T-55 Tank - Model 1954 (Manufacturer)
16: T-55A Tank (Manufacturer)
17: T-55AM Tank (Manufacturer)
18: T-55AM2 Tank (Manufacturer)
19: T-55 Enigma Tank (Manufacturer)
20: T-55 Tank - T-55 AD Drozd (Manufacturer)
21: T-64 Tank (Manufacturer)
22: Obiekt 430 Tank (Manufacturer)
23: Obiekt 432 Tank (Manufacturer)
24: Obiekt 434 Tank (Manufacturer)
25: Obiekt 440 Tank (Manufacturer)
26: Obiekt 003 Tank (Manufacturer)
27: T-64A Tank (Manufacturer)
28: T-64 Tank - T-64A Rebuild (Manufacturer)
29: T-64B Tank (Manufacturer)
30: T-64BV Tank (Manufacturer)
31: T-64 Driver Training Tank - T-64 Driver Training Tank (Manufacturer)
32: T-64 Experimental Prototype (Manufacturer)
33: T-80 Tank (Manufacturer)
34: T-80B Tank (Manufacturer)
35: T-80BV Tank (Manufacturer)
36: T-35 Tank (Sole manufacturer 1933-9)
37: Obiekt 416 Self-Propelled Gun (Sole manufacturer)



The Kharkov Locomotive Factory (KhPZ) built about 20% of the Russian Empire's railway engines. After the Russian Revolution and the establishment of the Soviet government in Ukraine, the factory was put to work designing and building tractors, then tanks after 1927. The Bolshevik Factory in Leningrad and the KhPZ were the first two Soviet tank factories, modernized in 1929 with German assistance under the Treaty of Rapallo, 1922.
In 1928, a tank design bureau was established in the factory; it would be responsible for the some of the most successful tanks ever built, and eventually become the Morozov Design Bureau. The KhPZ designed and produced twenty-five T-24 tanks, then nearly eight thousand BT fast tanks. It also built a handful of multi-turreted T-35 tanks.
Shortly before the German invasion of the Soviet Union the KhPZ started series production of the T-34, the most-produced and arguably the best tank of World War II. Series production began in June 1940 in Kharkov, and later in the Stalingrad Tractor Plant and Sormovo Shipbuilding Plant. In 1941, due to German advances, the factory and design shops were evacuated to the Ural mountains. The plant was combined with Uralvagonzavod Plant in Nizhny Tagil into one enterprise called the Uralskiy Tank Plant, Factory 183.
After Kharkov was recaptured, the design bureau and factory gradually transferred all operations back to Ukraine. The factory, now called Factory 75, began production of the new T-44 tank from October 1944, having completed prototypes back in Nizhny Tagil. T-54 production was started in the Urals and Kharkov in 1947–48, and the move was completed with the 1951 re-establishment of the Design Bureau, now called KB-60M, in Kharkov. The factory was renamed ‘Malyshev Factory’ in 1957 and took up production of the T-55 in 1958, then the T-64 in 1967 (the T-64 was also built in the Leningrad Kirov Plant and Uralvagonzavod Plant). In the 1960s the bureau designed OT-54 and TO-55 flame-thrower tanks, for production at the Omsk Transport Machine Construction Plant. The T-80 tank, with a high-performance gas turbine engine, was produced at Malyshev from 1983, and the T-80UD, with a conventional diesel engine, from 1985.
The Malyshev Factory remains a state-owned manufacturer of heavy equipment, including diesel engines, farm machinery, coal mining, sugar refining, and wind farm equipment, plus the Ukrainian T-84 tank.

Location Images - Photographs and NavPix (click to expand or browse)

1940

“A T-34 obr 1940 fresh out of the KhPz factory still waiting on guns”, credit Russian Military Zone
1: “A T-34 obr 1940 fresh out of the KhPz factory still wai...

Taken: 1940
Contributor: CRFU
Location Photo ID: 285
Added: 10 May 2010
Views: 133
Has Priority: 0